V. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv.
ORCID ID 0000-0001-7520-8701
Keywords: event-solidarity, life of the mind, gestalts of the spirit, Real Death, anxiety of the inevitable, ontology of courage.
Abstract. Claiming our share in discursive positions, ideas and assessments of Russian aggression in Ukraine, reflections on it, we investigate this tragic event through heuristic value and “social relevance”, influences on internal determinants — “life of mind” and spirit of man and communities, the formation of which is determined by the course of the war. Hegel’s work “Phenomenology of the Spirit” was used to operationalize his position on the gestalts of the spirit, the appeal to which was stimulated by Slavoj Žižek’s analysis and evaluation of the Russian aggression against Ukraine, in which he appealed to the Hegelian understanding of freedom, “for which Ukrainians are fighting today” (Жижек). In the analysis of the eventtragedy as the external world of human existence, emphasis is placed on the scientific content of the concept of the Event in the philosophical explorations of A. Badiou, S. Žižek, the heuristic fruitfulness of which is that they act as meaninggenerating factors in the configuration of the external and internal world of human life in a war situation. Regarding the latter, reflection is carried out through the prism of the psychoanalytic method, represented by the psychoanalytic model of thinking of Wilfred Bion and through the existential analysis of being by Karl Jaspers and Paul Tillich. The substantiation of the cognitive function of the life of the mind, which generates gestalts of the spirit and needs emotional coloring, required additional work by Hannah Arendt. The Deleuzian version of the event was used as a source for the formation of the concept of immediate existence for decision-making in the situation of a tragic event. It is noted that such searches are a significant part of the life of the mind and spirit, anxiety and resistance. Fichte’s Ukrainian lamentation, his “Speech to the German Nation” during the time of Napoleon’s invasions, is accompanied by references to M. Espany’s theory of cultural transfer. Using the work of V. Frankl. P. Tillich, K. Jaspers in relation to Real Death allows us to apply Real Death as a marker of war to the conditions of modern philosophy.
Nadiia Korablova, Doctor of Philosophy, professor at the Department of Theoretical and Practical Philosophy named after professor J. B. Schad, V. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv.
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Section: THEORY AND HISTORY OF CULTURE.