National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv.
Keywords: creative freedom, art market, art gallery, art collecting.
Abstract. The article presents a historiography of the non-state sector of culture and the processes that took place in the artistic life of Ukraine at the crucial time of the late 1980s – early 1990s. It shows various aspects: changes in stylistic trends, the rising of creative freedom of the young generation of artists, social changes, the economic situation and the rise of the art market, which had just appeared on the ruins of the former Soviet Union. On the case of Tiberiy Szilvashi, the “Zhyvopysnyi zapovidnyk” (“Picturesque Reserve”) group, and members of the Parkomuna (Paris Commune) it is shown how changes took place not only in works of artists, but also in a transition to market relations considering the latest changes. The article describes the formation of the gallery movement in Kyiv, namely the activities of such institutions as Atelier Karas, Triptych Art Gallery, Gallery 36, L-Art Gallery, Irena Gallery, “Blank Art” and others. The problematic moments are identified and described, the analysis of external and internal factors that determined the path of the gallery activities of Kyiv in the first years of Ukraine’s independence is carried out. The problem of works of art collecting made by representatives of the “fresh” bourgeoisie is raised. The materials of the article can be used in further scientific research on the history of the art market of Ukraine, in particular, gallery business.
Olga Petrova, Doctor of philosophical sciences, Professor, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv.
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Published: May 14, 2021.
Section: UKRAINIAN CULTURE.