Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Keywords: anthropology, history, philosophy, sociology, model, concept, paradigm, scientific synthesis, humanity.
Abstract. This article examines the state of such a science as anthropology in the modern scientific environment. It outlines a range of interesting issues regarding changes in general, as well as paradigm shifts that occur in modern anthropological knowledge. The article analyzes historical origins of the cultural-anthropological paradigm in the socio-philosophical context. The study notes new directions of anthropology development as a science; it points out that sociocultural reality and its dynamic characteristics are studied within the postmodernity since the aspects of human connections and their environment were not studied within classical anthropological models previously. Modern anthropology can be described as a general anthropology with the numerous branching. Such a modern direction focuses on those integration features that allow to present humanity as a whole. This new direction, developing at the junction of philosophy and anthropological science in general, has developed certain criteria for scientific synthesis. Today, anthropology seeks to synthesize philosophical and scientific knowledge about a man into a single cognitive picture of the world based on the general scientific methods considering comprehensive and systematic approaches.
Violeta Demeschenko, Ph.D. (theory and history of culture), Associate Professor, Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv,
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Vol 20 No 2 (2021).
Section: THEORY AND HISTORY OF CULTURE.