Socio-philosophical context of the history of the cultural and anthropological paradigm

Violeta Demeshchenko

Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.

ORCID ID 0000-0001-8296-4628


Keywords: anthropology, history, philosophy, sociology, model, concept, paradigm, scientific synthesis, humanity.

Abstract. This article examines the state of such a science as anthropology in the modern scientific environment. It outlines a range of interesting issues regarding changes in general, as well as paradigm shifts that occur in modern anthropological knowledge. The article analyzes historical origins of the cultural-anthropological paradigm in the socio-philosophical context. The study notes new directions of anthropology development as a science; it points out that sociocultural reality and its dynamic characteristics are studied within the postmodernity since the aspects of human connections and their environment were not studied within classical anthropological models previously. Modern anthropology can be described as a general anthropology with the numerous branching. Such a modern direction focuses on those integration features that allow to present humanity as a whole. This new direction, developing at the junction of philosophy and anthropological science in general, has developed certain criteria for scientific synthesis. Today, anthropology seeks to synthesize philosophical and scientific knowledge about a man into a single cognitive picture of the world based on the general scientific methods considering comprehensive and systematic approaches.

Author Biography.

Violeta Demeschenko, Ph.D. (theory and history of culture), Associate Professor, Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv,


Berdjaev, N. A. (1989). Filosofija svobody. Smysl tvorchestva [Philosophy of freedom. The meaning of creativity]. Moscow: Pravda. (In Russian)

Borofsky, R. (1995). Vvedenie k knige: «Osmyslivaja kulturnuju antropologiju» [Introduction to the Assessing Cultural Anthropology]. Jetnograficheskoe obozrenie. № 1. P. 3–18. (In Russian)

Cassirer, E. (1998). Logika nauk o kulture. Izbrannoe. Opyt o cheloveke [Favorites. Experience about a person]. Moscow: Gardarika. (In Russian)

Colson, E. (1984). The Reordering of Experience: Anthropological Involvement in Time. Journal of Anthropological Research. № 40. P. 7. DOI:

Geertz, C. (1985). Wadding. Times Literary Supplement. № 4288 (June 7). P. 623.

Greenberg, J. (1971). Melville Jean Herskovits 18951963. A Biographical Memoir by Joseph C. Greenberg. Washington: National Academy of Sciences.

Huizinga, J. (1992). Homo ludens. V teni zavtreshnego dnja [Homo ludens. In the shadow of tomorrow]. Moscow: Progress, Progress-Academy. (In Russian)

Kant, I. (1966). Soch.: V 6 t. [Works in 6 volumes]. Vol. 6. Moscow. (In Russian)

Kuper, A. & Kuper, J. (Eds.). (1995). The Social Science Encyclopedia. Boston. P.177.

Mandelbaum, D. (1969). Cultural Anthropology. In D. Sills (Ed.). Anthropology. Encyclopedia of Social Science. N.Y.

Petrov, Ju. V. (2010). Filosofija kultury: Trudy Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Philosophy of Culture: Proceedings of Tomsk State University]. Vol. 272. Ser. kulturologicheskaja. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tom. un-ta. (In Russian)

Plessner, H. (2004). Stupeni organicheskogo i chelovek. Vvedenie v filosofskuju antropologiju [Introduction to Philosophical Anthropology]. Moscow: Rossijskaja politicheskaja jenciklopedija (ROSSPJeN). (In Russian)

Rappaport, R. (1995). Jevoljucija chelovechestva i budushhee antropologii [Evolution of humanity and the future of anthropology].  Jetnograficheskoe obozrenie. № 6. P. 18–30. (In Russian)

Reznik, Ju. M. (red). (2012). Sociokulturnaja antropologija: Istorija, teorija i metodologija [Sociocultural Anthropology: History, Theory and Methodology]. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar. Moscow: Akademicheskij Proekt, Kultura; Kirov: Konstanta. (In Russian)

Scheler, M. (1988). Polozhenie cheloveka v Kosmose [The position of man in space]. Filippov, A. (Translation). Problema cheloveka v zapadnoj filosofii [The problem of man in Western philosophy]. Yu. N. Popova (ed.). Moscow: Progress. P. 31–95. (In Russian)

Vasilev, M. I. (2002). Vvedenie v kulturnuju antropologiju [Introduction to Cultural Anthropology]. Uchebnoe posobie. Velikij Novgorod: NovGU im. Jaroslava Mudrogo. (In Russian)

Wolf, E. (1982). Europe and the People Without History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

PDF (English).


Vol 20 No 2 (2021).