Phenomenology as the Methodology of Historical Poetics

UDC 316:303.446.2:130.2

Ihor Yudkin
Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv
ORCID 0000-0002-4616-302X


Keywords: epiphenomenon, eidetic doctrine, intuitive logics, cyclic construction, recursion, intention, a priori experience, interpretation.

Abstract. Phenomenology as the method of displaying essence behind the outer outlook of the observed phenomena gains wide use within various realms of knowledge. It has become the basis for diagnostics and the study of phylogenies within biology. Its various aspects are applied in different branches of humanities, meanwhile, it lacks its approach towards the history of culture. The definition of phenomena and epiphenomena as the prerequisite for mental experiments can exemplify its effectiveness for the historical researches. The phenomenological principle of subjective activity makes it possible to develop the doctrine of intentional reflection as the instrument for disclosing targets in the situations of conflicts. The concept of eidetic reduction and the evaluation of a priori experience turn to become effective for the study of historical consciousness. The intuitionist logics aims at the presentation of proper names conforming to the peculiarities of unique and irreproducible historic events. The distance of historical objects can be conceived on the basis of cycled constructions as the instrument of eidetic logics. The concept of inter-subjective relations generalizes that of communication as the condition of existence of ideal objects. Phenomenological models have proved to become effective to explain such peculiarities of stylistic development as the permanence of traditions together with their revival and transformation. There arises the principle of mutuality of synchronic and diachronic aspects of text together with the formation of the concept of history as text. Theatrical interpretation becomes the model of a mental experiment in history.

Author Biography.

Ihor Yudkin, Habilitated Doctor of Arts, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.


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Published: December 2, 2019.

Vol 16 No 2 (2019).