Genetic Sources of the Worldview Determinants of Nonviolent Cultural Practices

UDC 130.2

Valentyna Sudakova

Institute for Cultural Research of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.

ORCID 0000-0003-2836-9961


Keywords: worldview, cultural practice, humanism, nonviolence, nonviolent social order, violence, aggression, social conflict.

Abstract. The article presents сonceptual analysis of genetic sources of the worldview determinants of non-violent cultural practices of the nonviolence by assessing the achievements of the ancient Chinese and Indian philosophical and religious systems having offered, developed and implemented the idea of nonviolence. The author draws attention to the importance of studying the nonviolence phenomena, its epistemological and ontological characteristics and to the difficulties of the correct theoretical interpretation of the ‘nonviolence’ concept in contemporary sociocultural knowledge. The article proves that only the culturological approach is the most effective cognitive instrument for identification in the historical perspective the achievements of traditional cultures in the forms of worldviews, ideas and recipes for the non-violent organization of everyday life and social management.

It overviews the problematics of genetic sources, ideological conditions and traditional non-violent practices. The author proposed the critical analysis of the basic worldview communicative principles for non–violent human coexistence. The author researches shortcomings of the Eastern version of the non-violent worldview, the reasons of the dubious achievements of this worldview in European culture; yet proving that in the Western societies the tolerance phenomena as the principle of freedom of religious belief and of human behaviour is the modified manifestation of nonviolence.

Author Biography.

Valentyna Sudakova, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Prof., Head of the Department of Sociology of Culture, Institute for Сultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.


Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada, A. Ch. (1990). Bhagavat-Gita (kak ona est’) [Bhagavad-Gītā As It Is]. (Translated by Shri Shmad et al). Moscow; Leningrad: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. (in Russian)

Elizarenkova, T. Ja. (Ed.) (1989). Rigveda. Mandali І–ІV [Rigveda. Mandaly І–ІV]. (Translated by T. Ja. Elizarenkova). Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Fiala, A. (Еd.). (2018). Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonvoilence. London: Routledge.

Gandi, M. K. (1969). Moja zhizn’ [My Experiments with Truth]. Ul’janovskij, R. A. (Ed.) (Translated from English by A. M. Vjaz’mina, O. V. Martyshin, & E. G. Panfilov). Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Grigor’eva, T. P. (Ed.). (1983). Problema cheloveka v tradicionnyh kitajskih uchenijah [The Problem of a Man in Traditional Chinese Teachings]. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Gusejnov, A. A. (1992). Jetika nenasilija [Ethics of Nonviolence]. Voprosy filosofii, 3, pp. 72–81. Moscow. (in Russian)

Il’in, G. F. (Ed.). (1992). Zakony Manu [The Laws of Manu]. (Translated by S. D. Jel’manvich). Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

King, M.-L. (1992). Palomnichestvo k nenasiliju [Stride Toward Freedom]. (Translated from English by G. A. Mironova). Jeticheskaja mysl’. Nauchno-publicisticheskie chtenija, pp. 168–182. Moscow: Politizdat. (in Russian)

Kovalevskij, M. M. (1991). Vzaimootnoshenija svobody i obshchestvennoj solidarnosti [The Relationship of Freedom and Social Solidarity]. N.Kazakova (Ed.). Vehi. Intelligencija v Rossii. Sbornik statej 1909-1910 gg., pp. 269–293. Moscow: Molodaja Gvardija. (in Russian)

Kurlansky, M. (2007). Nonviolence. The History of a Danger Idea. New York: Vintage.

Lewis, J. (2002). From Culturalism to Transculturalism. Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies, N1 (spring), pp. 14–32. DOI:

Lewis, J. (2005). Language Wars: Role of Media and Culture in Global Terror and Political Violence. London: Pluto Books.

Narskij, I. S. (Ed.) (1969). Antologija mirovoj filosofii. Filosofija drevnosti i srednevekov’ja [Anthology of World Philosophy. The Philosophy of the Antiquity and the Middle Ages] (Vol. 1, part 1.). Moscow: Mysl’. (in Russian)

North, D., Wallace, G., & Weingast, B. (2017). Nasyllia ta suspilni poriadky. Osnovni chynnyky, yaki vplynuly na khid istorii [Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History.] (Translated from English by Taras Tsymbal). Kyiv: Nash format. (in Ukrainian)

Schweitzer, A. (1992). Jetika blagogovenija pered zhizn’ju [Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben]. A. A. Gusejnov, & M. G. Selezneva (Eds.). (Translated from German by A. A. Gusejnov). Moscow: Prosveshhenie. (in Russian)

Sharp, G. (1992). Nenasil’stvennaja bor’ba: luchshee sredstvo reshenija ostryh politicheskih i jeticheskih konfliktov [Nonviolent Struggle: the Best Way to Resolve Acute Political and Ethical Conflicts]. (Translated by O. N. Batashevaja, & M. A. Korzo). Jeticheskaja mysl’: Nauchno-publicisticheskie chtenija, pp. 200–212. Moscow: Respublika. (in Russian)

Shulha, M. (2018). Zbii sotsialnoi matrytsi: monohrafiia [Social Matrix Disruption: Monography]. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology, NAS of Ukraine. (in Ukrainian)

Sorrels, K. (2013). Intercultural Communication, Globalization and Social Justice. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Spence, M. (2017). Nova konverhentsiia. Maibutnie ekonomichne zrostannia v bahatoshvydkisnomu sviti [The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth]. (Translated from English by A. Bondar). Kyiv: Tempora. (in Ukrainian)

Stiglitz, J. (2017). Tsina nerivnosti. Yak teperishnie podilene suspilstvo zahrozhuie nashomu maibutnomu [The Price of Inequality: How Today’s Divided Society Endangers our Fututre]. (Translated from English by Petro Tarashchuk). Kyiv: Tempora. (in Ukrainian)

Sudakova, V. M. (1998). Svoboda i nenasyllia v suchasnomu suspilnomu rozvytku: sotsialno-filosofskyi analiz. Rukopys [Freedom and Non-violence in the Contemporary Social Development: Social-philosophical Analysis. Manuscript]. (Master’s thesis). Kyiv University named after Taras Shevchenko, Kyiv: Altera-UkraTna. (in Ukrainian)

Thoreau, H. D. (1962). Uolden, ili zhizn’ v lesu [Walden; or, Life in the Woods]. (Translated from English by Z. E. Aleksandrova). Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR. (in Russian)

Titarenko, M. L. (Ed.). (1989). Istorija kitajskoj filosofii [History of Chinese Philosophy]. (Translated from Chinese by V. S. Taskina). Moscow: Progress. (in Russian)

Tolstoj, L. N. (1992). Ne ubij nikogo [Do Nоt Kill Anyone]. Jeticheskaja mysl’. Nauchno-publicisticheskie chtenija, pp. 154–168. A. A. Gusejnov (Ed.). Moscow: Respublika. (in Russian)

PDF (Ukrainian)

Published: December 2, 2019.

Vol 16 No 2 (2019).