Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Keywords: subject, Other, Alien, phenomenology, postmodernism.
Abstract. The purpose of the article is to compare two approaches to analyzing the philosophical and cultural concepts of the Alien that are developing in modern science, to distinguish their specific features and to allow further synthesis.
Methodology. System analysis will show the regularity and necessity of studying any encounter with the Other in social reality and must be correlated by the researcher with the configuration of power relations of competing discourses.
Results. Drawing on a comparative approach, the author identifies that in both the concept of J. Lacan and the theory of subjection by J. Butler the Other / Alien is an integral part of the personality of the subject. This is a peculiar stage of its formation.
Originality. For the first time, the study finds the idea of the subject as alien to oneself. The idea of forming a subject means the experience of communicating with oneself as someone else’s (identity crisis), and one of the endpoints of such a process is accepting oneself in a new role, reconciling with oneself in the new capacity of the subject.
Practical significance. The information contained in this work can be used for further research and development of methodological material for new courses of lectures and seminars on cultural philosophy and methodology for studying contemporary theories of culture.
Nataliia Otreshko, Doctor of Sociology, Associate Professor, Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
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Published: March 10, 2020.
Section: WORLD CULTURE AND ІNTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.