Memorial buildings of Ternopil region (origins and formation of design in the XIX – first third of the XX century)

UDC 745.51:008(477.83/.86)

Roman Odrekhivskyi

Ukrainian National Forestry University, Kyiv.

ORCID ID 0000-0003-3581-4103

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37627/2311-9489-21-2022-1.128-137

Keywords: Ternopil region, memorial buildings, artistic stonemasonry, sandstone, cross.

Abstract. Ternopil region today is the center of tourist routes. Many monuments of memorial stonework have been preserved here. Most of them are currently in an abandoned and little-studied state. Therefore, the research of memorial buildings is relevant today. The research methodology is based on systematics, reliability, logic, historicism. The purpose of the study is to begin a comprehensive work on the study, preservation, restoration of memorials and to explore the problem of using these art objects for tourism purposes. The author examined hundreds of memorial buildings in Ternopil region. Most of them have been developed and put into scientific circulation for the first time. In particular, in Terebovlya, Narayiv and other centers of stonemasonry. The national peculiarities of memorial constructions of masonry are considered, i.e. isosceles/Greek type of crosses with endings in the form of a shamrock, peculiarities of iconography of drawings of figures of Saints, of Jesus Christ, etc., thematic variety of sculptural figures.

In the perspective of further research, it is recommended to provide theoretical justifications for the creation of lapidary museums of memorials in order to better preserve them for posterity and use as artistic objects for tourist routes.

Author Biography.

Roman Odrekhivskyi, Doctor of art studies, associate professor, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Kyiv.

odre2010@ukr.net

References:

Kodlubai, I., & Noha, O. (2001). Pradavnia Ukraina [Ancient Ukraine]. Lviv: Ukrainski tekhnolohii (in Ukrainian).

Krvavych, D. P. (1990). Ornamentalne oformlennia sarkofaha Yaroslava Mudroho [Ornamental design of the sarcophagus of Yaroslav the Wise]. Visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho instytutu prykladnoho ta dekoratyvnoho mystetstva. Lviv, 17–23 (in Ukrainian).

Malyna, V. (2009). Kamiani khresty v Ukraini. XVIII–XX st.: Ontolohiia. Typolohiia. Symvolika. Funktsiia. [Stone crosses in Ukraine. XVIIIth–XXth centuries: Ontology. Typology. Symbolics. Function]. Mykolaiv: Artil “Khudozhnii kram”, 2009 (in Ukrainian).

Mozdyr, M. (1996). Ukrainska narodna memorialna skulptura [Ukrainian folk memorial sculpture]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka (in Ukrainian).

Odrekhivskyi, R. (2020). Khudozhnie kameniarstvo Hutsulshchyny – fenomen sakralnoi kultury Ukrainy [Hutsul stonecraft – a phenomenon of sacral Ukrainian culture]. Visnyk KNUKM, seriia: Mystetstvoznavstvo, 43, 39–43 (in Ukrainian).

Odrekhivskyi, R. (2021). Sakralne mystetstvo v konteksti stanovlennia dyzainu seredovyshcha kultovykh sporud Halychyny [Sacred art in the context of the creation and regulation of the religious buildings environment design in Galicia]. The Cultorology Ideas, 19, 76–89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37627/2311-9489-19-2021-1.76-89 (in Ukrainian).

Piskovyk. (No date). Retrieved from https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Пісковик (in Ukrainian).

Zholtovskyi, P. M. (1982). Maliunky kyievo-lavrskoi ikonopysnoi maisterni [Drawings of the Kyiv-Lavra icon-painting workshop]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka (in Ukrainian).

PDF (Ukrainian)

Published:

Vol 21 No 1 (2022).

Section: MUSEOLOGY AND PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE.