Copyright in the Contemporary Circus Art

UDC 791.83.061:347.78 (4 + 477) (045)

Oleh Pospielov

Kyiv National I. K. Karpenko-Kariy University of Theatre, Cinema and Television, Kyiv.

ORCID 0000-0002-4171-3678


Keywords: circus, circus art, circus actor, copyright, plagiarism.

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the research of the problems of obtaining and protecting copyright in the circus industry, the problem of plagiarism in circus art, and the problem of professionalism in the circus performing arts. In Ukraine there is no special Law on Circuses. Because of that there are some difficulties with the application of the Law on Copyright to Circus Arts, in particular to the original stunts, acts and show programs created by circus performers and directors. In the EU, copyright issue is also an important factor for circus artists. The circus performer as a creator of the original act needs legal protection of an individual artistic creation, but it is very difficult to prove and legally justify the individual features of a certain stunt in the circus art. Another performer may bring some small changes to the same trick, and declare it as his original one, and even prove that it differs from the one created by another artist. In the Circus Art, the reproduction and copying of stunts is more in the field of ethics than of legal issues. There is no obvious and quick solution of this problem today.

Author Biography.

Oleh Pospielov, postgraduate student, Kyiv National I. K. Karpenko-Kariy University of Theatre, Cinema and Television, Kyiv.


Barinov, V. A. (2012). Fenomen cirka v sovremennoj kul’ture. Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, (3), pp. 168–176. Moscow. (in Russian)

Zakon Ukrainy «Pro avtorske pravo i sumizhni prava». (No date). Retrieved from (in Ukrainian)

Konstytutsiia Ukrainy. (No date). Retrieved from (in Ukrainian)

Pobizhenko, V. V., & Pobizhenko, I. A. (2011). Plahiat, yak chynnyk znyzhennia yakosti osvity. Systemy obrobky informatsii, 8 (98), pp. 310–313. Kharkiv. (in Ukrainian)

Problema plahiatu v Ukraini. (2016, February 16–22). Personal Plius, 3 (622). Retrieved from (in Ukrainian)

Prohorov, A. V., & Barinov V. A. (2011). Cirk – obekt filosofskogo analiza. Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Gumanitarnye nauki, 4 (20), pp. 57–68. (in Russian)

Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR). (2003). No 40–44, art. 356. Retrieved from (in Ukrainian)

The situation of the circus in the EU Member States (Working Paper) European Parliament Education and Culture Series. (2003). Retrieved from

1980 Recommendation concerning the Status of the Artist. (No date). Retrieved from

Council Directive 92/199/EEC of 19 November 1992 on rental right and lending right and on certain rights related to copyright in the filed of intellectual property (1992, November 27, OJ L 346.

PDF (Ukrainian)

Published: November 22, 2018.

Vol 14 No 2 (2018).