Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Keywords: a rhombus, a slanting cross, semantics of symbols, a geometric ornament.
Abstract. In the article, the author sets the goal of analyzing the semantics of the symbols of the rhombus and the slanting cross in archaic symbolics and folk ornaments based on the proto-myth concept he proposed. The structural method is applied to analyse these symbols. The study found that these symbols reflect different aspects of the archaic Goddess. The rhombus expresses the connection of the Goddesses hypostases with the certain spheres of Space, and a slanting cross shows connection with her four hypostasis (goddesses of head, two breasts and vulva) hidden in the symbols located in sectors of a slanting cross. Such conception gives a new perspective for interpreting semantics of a rhombus and a slanting cross in ornaments. The practical significance of the article is that it allowed to penetrate into both the semantics and the structure of the slanting cross and rhombus in the geometric ornaments of embroidered and woven rushnyky of Ukraine and Belarus. The article illustrates the organic connection between archaic symbolism and folk ornaments while refuting the idea that the semantics of these ornaments have been lost and cannot be recognized.
Yevhen Prychepii, Doctor of
Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Institute for Cultural Research,
National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
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Published: March 10, 2020.
Section: UKRAINIAN CULTURE.