Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
Keywords: geometric ornament, ornament semantics, ‘deer goddess’ image in an ornament.
Abstract. The purpose of this article is to analyze the semantics of ‘deer goddess’ images in geometric ornaments (the ornaments of the female shirts of Podillya are taken as a sample).
Methodology. Based on the proto-myth concept developed by the author, he distinguishes the structures of symbols in geometric ornaments identified as the image of the ‘deer goddess’.
Results. The article distinguishes three subtypes of ‘deer goddess’ images based on which variants of ornaments were formed. These variants of ornaments were ‘constructed’ according to the same rules: ornaments with one goddess (fig. 2‒4, 13, 19), ornaments with two goddesses with joint thighs (fig. 6‒8, 13‒15, 20), ornaments with four goddesses (fig. 9, 10, 16, 17, 21), and ornaments formed from individual symbols of the goddess (fig. 11, 12, 18, 22). For comparison, some ornaments on the ‘theme’ of a deer in the embroidery of the Russian North were analyzed (fig. 23‒25).
Novelty. For the first time in the practice of ornaments analyzing, the image of the ‘deer goddess’ was highlighted, the transformations of these images in the ornaments were traced, the relationship of these transformations with the structures formed by the goddesses on the Paleolithic and Neolithic artifacts was shown.
The practical significance. The research showed that the geometric ornament has retained its semantics accessible to understanding. This allows us to more adequately assess the role of ornament in the spiritual culture of mankind.
Yevhen Prychepii, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Institute for Cultural Research, National Academy of Arts of Ukraine, Kyiv.
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Prychepii, Ye. M. (2017). Dvi bohyni v arkhaichnii symvolitsi ta v ornamentakh narodnykh rushnykiv [Two Goddesses in Archaic Symbolism and Ornaments of Folk Towels]. (pp. 89–101). The Culturology Ideas, 11. (in Ukrainian)
Rybakov, B. A. (1981). Jazychestvo drevnih slavjan [Paganism of the Ancient Slavs]. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)
Selivachov, M. (2005). Leksykon ukrainskoi ornamentyky [Ukrainian Ornamentation Lexicon]. Kyiv: Redaktsiia visnyka «ANT». (in Ukrainian)
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Illustrations taken from books:
Author Archive: (fig. 6, 11)
Boguslavskaja, I. Ja. (1972). Russkaja narodnaja vyshivka [Russian folk embroidery]. Moscow: Iskusstvo. (in Russian) (fig. 23, 24)
Bulhakova-Sytnyk, L. (2005). Podilska narodna vyshyvka: Etnohrafichnyi aspect [Podolian Folk Embroidery: Ethnographic aspect]. O. Kozakevych (Ed.). Lviv: NAN Ukrainy, Instytut narodoznavstva. (in Ukrainian) (fig. 3, 4, 9, 12–15,18–22)
Gimbutas, M. (2001, February). The Language of Goddess. (1st edition). New York: Thames & Hudson. (in English) (fig. 7)
Golan, A. (1994). Mif i simvol [Myth and Symbol]. (2nd edition). Moscow: Russlit. (in Russian) (fig.1, 2, 10)
Kalmykova, L. Je. (1981). Narodnaja vyshivka Tverskoj zemli [Embroidery of the Tver Land]. Leningrad: Hudozhnik RSFSR. (in Russian) (fig. 25)
Prychepii, Ye., & Prychepii, T. (2007). Vyshyvka Skhidnoho Podillia [Embroidery of Eastern Podillya]. Kyiv: Rodovid. (in Ukrainian) (fig. 5, 8, 16, 17)
Published: December 2, 2019.
Section: UKRAINIAN CULTURE.