Realistic landscape in the works of Ivan Honchar

UDC 82.0(477)+808.543(477)

Natalia Kovalenko

Ph.D. applicant, Kyiv.

ORCID 0000-0002-9708-310X


Keywords: realistic painting, sketches by Ivan Honchar (1930-1950), tradition, plein air, landscape.

Abstract. The article analyzes artistic and stylistic features of the landscapes of Ivan Honchar in the early period of creativity (1930s – 1950s). The source base study of the artist’s creative heritage testifies to the lack of information in the scientific circulation on the creative search and his works of these decades. Thus, the National Center of Folk Culture “Museum of Ivan Honchar” archives store plein-air works of the artist, which are currently not listed in any catalog, the inventory of which is not detailed by type of work. However, it was the early period of painting, characterized by Ivan Honchar’s appeal to the realistic method of depicting nature, that laid the foundations for the author’s vision of the equivalence of the Ukrainian landscape and folk costumes on canvas.

The melodic, lyrical early Ivan Honchar’s landscape accurately reproduces the nature of his favorite area. In his works, the author retains the habit of building a work of art on the principles of a realistic school. The landscapes are typical of the traditionally constructed composition with a pronounced distinction of three plans, a clear form structure, accurately pictured state, the exceptionally authentic color. Working in the open air, the master tries to capture fleeting changes in lighting and enrich the color scheme using the impressionist painting style. However, Ivan Honchar abandons some other principles of creating the image of the French Impressionists of the 1860s which blur the real forms making them completely unrecognizable.

Author Biography.

Natalia Kovalenko, painter, art critic, Ph.D. applicant, Kyiv.


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Published: November 19, 2020.

Vol 19 No 1 (2021).