Alternative spaces of cafes of Western Ukrainian cities in the end of the XX century in the context of civilizational preferences

UDC 7.038.21:008(477.86-21) (477.8):316.47-021.3’’XIX’’

Nadiia Babii

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

ORCID 0000-0002-9572-791X

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37627/2311-9489-19-2021-1.102-116

Keywords: Western Ukraine, alternative space, social space of cafés, informal culture of the end of the XX century.

Abstract. The article analyzes the influence of informal spaces of the end of the XX century on the formation of the cultural environment of the cities of Western Ukraine, shows the importance of cult cafes as alternative spaces where informal art communities were gathered and leadership groups of the 90s were formed. It clarifies the role of the object in the interdisciplinary relations of cultural discourse of the XXI century invoking the analysis of factual material, interviews with participants in the processes, scientific discussion, and published texts.  The author looks at the subject of research as reflection originating from the present. The article determines that alternative spaces declare the values ​​of “living” through the connection of a man with the place and through places with spaces. The culture of cafés being traditional for the region has been reflected in numerous narratives. For the generations of the 70s- 90s of the 20th century, cafés became the most democratic space playing the role of a communicator, replacing modern media. The author notes the gradual movement of these locations from urban centers or intersections of creative intelligentsia in the 80s to remote or even peripheral areas of cities in the 90s, which was associated with changes in infrastructure, commercialization, new tastes and aesthetic preferences. The cafés of the 90s generation played the role of clubs for countercultural communities, whose activities opposed not only the system, but also the aesthetic paradigm.

Author Biography.

Nadiia Babii, PhD (Arts), Assistant Professor of the department of design
and art theory of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University.
Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
nbabij26@gmail.com

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PDF (Ukrainian).

Published: November 19, 2020.

Vol 19 No 1 (2021).

Section: UKRAINIAN CULTURE.